Have you noticed that your teeth appear transparent or translucent, especially around the edges? While this may seem troublesome at first, this is, unfortunately, a common condition. Multiple layers make up your teeth and contribute to your tooth coloration. The outer layer, known as enamel, is semi-translucent and acts as the protective layer. Underneath, the dentin is typically an off-white, gray or yellowish color. Together, these layers give you your natural tooth color. However, when the enamel wears away, it can lead to a transparent appearance and dental concerns.
At New Leaf Rohnert Park, our goal is to help you achieve optimal oral health. If you notice the appearance of your teeth changing, it is essential to seek dental care as soon as possible.
Causes of transparent teeth
The transparent appearance of teeth is due to the breakdown of your tooth’s enamel. This can occur for a variety of different reasons but is most commonly due to acid erosion. Some common causes of enamel erosion include:
- Regular exposure to acid food and beverages – Consuming highly acidic foods and beverages on a regular basis can gradually break down the enamel on your teeth. Some of these foods and drinks include citric fruits, coffee, and soda.
- Acid reflux or GERD – With severe acid reflux or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), you can experience frequent acid regurgitation. This acid exposure can contribute to enamel erosion.
- Celiac disease – While most people think of celiac disease as something affecting the gastrointestinal tract, the fact is it can affect much more, including the enamel development of your teeth, making them more prone to erosion.
- Bulimia – This eating disorder does not just affect your overall health, but also your teeth enamel. Regular vomiting exposes the teeth to stomach acid on a regular basis, leading to enamel erosion.
- Enamel hypoplasia – This is a genetic condition that causes weak, thin, or non-existent enamel to form on the teeth. The enamel that does form is overly susceptible to acid erosion and often results in complete dentin exposure.
- Dry mouth – Certain medical conditions, such as Sjogrens, or medications can contribute to dry mouth. A persistent dry mouth increases your risk of enamel erosion, as well as dental cavities, as the saliva helps provide enzymes that fight cavities.
Transparent teeth and oral health
When you notice transparency appearing in your teeth, your biggest concern may be their appearance. Unfortunately, the appearance of your teeth is the least of your concerns. Eroding tooth enamel puts you at risk of dental concerns. You will likely experience tooth pain and sensitivity as the enamel erosion progresses. Without the protective layer of enamel on your teeth, you are also at an increased risk of dental decay and cavities.
Treating transparent teeth
If you notice a transparent appearance to your teeth, it is essential to seek dental care as soon as possible to reduce your risk of more serious tooth damage. When it comes to addressing enamel erosion, you have a few different treatment options available.
Porcelain or composite veneers
Dental veneers are typically a cosmetic treatment option to improve your smile by covering chipped teeth, closing a gap between teeth, or reshaping misshaped teeth. But they can also be a great treatment option to protect your teeth when enamel erosion occurs. Dental veneers are a thin cover made of porcelain or composite material that sticks to the surface of the tooth. This helps to give you back a natural-looking tooth appearance while also providing protection to your tooth, reducing the risk of dental decay.
Bonding is similar to veneers in their outcomes but works a little differently. While veneers are a premade cover for your tooth, dental bonding is a composite resin that your dentist applies to the surface of your tooth, molding it to fit. The material then hardens and is polished to achieve the desired result. This can take place usually in one dental appointment and helps to protect your tooth from bacteria and dental decay and gives you back a natural-looking appearance without the enamel transparency.
Dental crowns are a good option when the enamel of the entire tooth is affected. A crown is a dental prosthetic that fits over your current tooth and helps to provide protection from bacteria and decay and help support the structure of your tooth.
Enamel microabrasion can work in cases where tooth transparency is in the early stages. This treatment option uses a weak acid to polish the tooth before applying a mineral tooth cream to reduce the enamel erosion and reduce the progression of transparency.
Preventing teeth from becoming transparent
While a regular oral hygiene routine and regular dental checkups can help prevent enamel erosion, it isn’t always enough. An underlying medical condition can increase your risk despite the best oral hygiene routine. However, there are some things that you can do to help reduce your risk of enamel erosion and tooth transparency. These include:
- Increase water intake to increase saliva production.
- Chewing sugar-free gum in between meals helps increase saliva and reduce erosion risk.
- Limit consumption of high acid foods and beverages.
- Use a straw when drinking acidic beverages as it limits contact with teeth.
- Rinse your mouth after eating or drinking acidic foods or beverages.
- Avoid all acidic foods and drinks if you suffer from acid reflux.
Tooth transparency is much more than just a cosmetic concern and can lead to more severe dental concerns if left untreated. If you notice tooth transparency, the team at New Leaf Rohnert Park can help. We will work with you to determine the cause of your enamel erosion and create a treatment plan that works within your schedule and budget. To learn more or to schedule an appointment, contact our office online or call (707) 586-1549 today.